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ZigBee - how it works...

Updated: Dec 13, 2023


zigbee kent leuchten

ZigBee is a radio standard that is suitable for networking and controlling intelligent devices in your home.

With ZigBee, you can control the light, the heating, the music or the security by voice command, smartphone, tablet or remote control. You can also create scenarios that run automatically, such as turning on the coffee machine in the morning, dimming the light in the evening or closing the shutters at sunset. You can also access your Smart Home from anywhere, to see if everything is okay, or to change settings.

But how does ZigBee actually work? And what are the advantages of ZigBee over other radio standards? In this text, you will learn everything you need to know about ZigBee.


How does ZigBee work?

ZigBee is based on the standard IEEE 802.15.4, which defines the physical layer (PHY) and the media access layer (MAC). ZigBee extends this standard with the network layer (NWK) and the application layer (APL), which are responsible for the routing, the security, the configuration and the communication of the devices.

ZigBee uses the frequency band 2.4 GHz, which is free to use worldwide. ZigBee can use up to 16 channels in this band, each with a bandwidth of 2 MHz. ZigBee can achieve a data rate of up to 250 kbit/s, which is sufficient for most Smart Home applications.

ZigBee forms a so-called mesh network, which means that the devices are not only connected to a central hub or gateway, but also to each other. Each device can act as a router and forward the data from other devices. This increases the range and the reliability of the network. ZigBee can support up to 65,536 devices in a network, which can be divided into different groups.

ZigBee distinguishes three types of devices:

Coordinator: This is the device that initiates, manages and coordinates the network. There is always only one coordinator per network, which is usually identical to the hub or gateway.

Router: These are the devices that can both send and receive data. They can also act as repeaters and forward the data from other devices. Routers are usually connected to the power grid and have a high range.

End device: These are the devices that can only send or receive data. They cannot act as repeaters and have a low range. End devices are usually battery-powered and have a low power consumption.


To integrate a ZigBee device into your Smart Home, you first have to connect it to the coordinator. This process is called pairing or joining. The devices exchange information such as the network ID, the device address, the security key and the supported functions. After that, you can control, configure or automate the device via an app or a software.


What are the advantages of ZigBee?

ZigBee has some advantages that make it an ideal radio standard for Smart Home. Here are some of them:


ZigBee is energy efficient. ZigBee devices consume very little power, as they only send or receive data when needed. This allows battery-powered devices to last for years without replacement. ZigBee also saves energy by adjusting the lighting, the heating or the air conditioning to the presence, the time of day or the outside temperature.


ZigBee is reliable. ZigBee devices communicate in a mesh network, which is self-healing and self-organizing. This means that if a communication path fails, another path in the network is automatically used. ZigBee can also avoid interference or interference from other radio networks, by changing the channel or adjusting the transmission power.


ZigBee is secure. ZigBee devices use AES-128 encryption to protect the data. ZigBee also offers different security modes that can be selected depending on the application. ZigBee can also increase the security of your home by integrating cameras, motion detectors, smoke detectors or door sensors.


ZigBee is compatible. ZigBee is an open standard that is supported by many manufacturers and brands. ZigBee also offers different profiles that are optimized for different application areas, such as ZigBee Light Link, ZigBee Home Automation or ZigBee Green Power. ZigBee is also compatible with other Smart Home platforms such as Amazon Alexa, Google Assistant or Apple HomeKit.


How can you integrate ZigBee into your Smart Home?

If you want to integrate ZigBee into your Smart Home, you need some components that you can find at Kent Leuchten at https://www.kentleuchten.de . Kent Leuchten has an online shop that offers handmade lights for indoor and outdoor use, that are compatible with ZigBee. You can choose from different models, materials, colors and sizes, to design your perfect light. All lights are equipped with high-quality LED light sources. You can also bring in your own wishes and ideas, to create a unique light.

Kent Leuchten has a large selection of Yigbee compatible lights for every taste and every need, that you can find at https://www.kentleuchten.de.

Whether you are looking for a light for your living room, your bedroom, your office or your business, you will find it at Kent Leuchten. An example of a beautiful and practical ZigBee light is theClaudia Table | Kent Leuchten  table lamp, which you can order in different colors and sizes. This lamp is ideal for lighting dining tables, kitchen islands or workstations. It has a minimalist and elegant design, that fits any style of furnishing. It is also dimmable and controllable with Apple HomeKit, Amazon Alexa or Google Assistant.

To integrate a ZigBee light from Kent Leuchten into your Smart Home, you also need a ZigBee hub or gateway, which acts as a coordinator. This connects the light to your WLAN / Wifi network and allows the control via an app or a voice assistant.


Conclusion

ZigBee is a radio standard that is suitable for networking and controlling intelligent devices in your home. ZigBee offers many advantages, such as energy efficiency, reliability, security and compatibility. ZigBee uses the frequency band 2.4 GHz and forms a mesh network, which is self-healing and self-organizing. For more information, you can visit us at https://www.kentleuchten.de. See you next time!

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